What technology is used to develop mobile apps?

As we all know, the outbreak of the Corona pandemic forced the entire world to stay indoors. It was only in the beginning when we all felt a bit choked. Nonetheless, we always had our smartphones connected to WiFi to keep company. A record-breaking 33 billion downloads of mobile apps were registered in the third quarter of 2020 itself.

This was the best time for all the mobile app developers to grab their users’ attention. With people spending their maximum time with their mobile devices, the demand for new mobile apps was whopping. If you are interested to know what technology is used to develop Mobile apps, this article is for you. So, without further ado, let’s get started.

What is a mobile application?

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Before we start telling you about mobile application development technologies, let’s understand what a mobile application is. A mobile application or a mobile app is a computer program or software designed to run on your phone. For instance, if you want to check the date you go to calendars on your smartphone. If you are expecting an important email from work, simply click the Email client.

Similarly, there are other apps that can assist you with different tasks. There are some applications that are inbuilt in your devices like music, web browser, calendar, email client, contacts, etc. Meanwhile there are others that emerged on public demand. You can order your food online, book your travel tickets, shop for family, and plan events. All thanks to mobile app development technology.

How do I download mobile apps?

It is important to know about the various platforms the mobile apps are available on. Mobile applications are designed and available for users of different operating systems. For an Android user, these apps can be downloaded from the Google Play Store. An iPhone user can have them all in the App store. Similarly, the Windows Phone Store is there for those who use Windows phones.

These distribution platforms are owned by the owners of the mobile operating systems. For your information, some of these mobile applications are available free of cost while others are charged. The profit is shared by the app developer and the owner of the mobile operating system.

You can simply download these phone apps by searching in the respective app store.

Now that you have a basic understanding of mobile applications, let’s know about different types of mobile apps in our next section. Read more: 7 Essential Steps To Build A Successful Mobile App

Different types of Mobile Apps

There are different types of mobile applications for different users or operating systems. But some apps are optimised for all operating systems. Mobile apps can be broadly classified into the following three categories:

  1. Native apps – These apps are specifically built for a particular operating system. Different languages are used for different operating systems like Android, iOS, Windows, etc. These types of apps ensure great performance with a huge investment.
  2. Mobile web apps – These are websites that run on your mobile browser. These might look like mobile apps but they aren’t.
  3. Hybrid mobile apps – These are a combination of native and web mobile apps. You can see them in the app store to avail the features of phone. Also, these are available on the web to be explored easily. The investment is comparatively less to develop hybrid apps.

After understanding enough about the mobile apps and their types, we shall discuss what technology is used to develop mobile apps in the following section.

What technology is used to develop mobile apps?

There is no dearth of tools or technologies on the market for developing mobile apps. The demand is huge as people are spending more time online due to the pandemic hitting the world. There are a number of tools and technologies that can assist you with mobile application development. Let’s start with the languages used to develop these apps.

Programming Languages used to develop Mobile apps

The major programming languages that are used to develop mobile apps are:

  • C++
  • Java
  • HTML5
  • Swift
  • PHP

C++ is the foundation for most programming languages. It is the simplest form that can be used to write the codes for mobile applications. Once written, this code can be used on all platforms like Android, iOS, and Windows. Hence, it saves both time and investment of extra money to develop the same app for different operating systems.

Java is the official language for developing Android mobile applications. It is a very easy-to-handle language. If you are looking forward to developing an app for iOS, then Swift is the language. It is very easy to maintain and the coding is not so difficult.

Coming to PHP, people who want to build their own apps from scratch can use this one. Once developed, it is easy to use across multiple platforms. Last but not least, if you want to develop a web-oriented application for your mobile device, HTML5 is the language. It is based on ‘write-once-run-anywhere’ technology. Investment is minimal and results are optimized across all platforms with open-source libraries available for everyone to use.

Hope we have provided enough insight into the languages used for app development. Now, let’s talk about the tools used to develop mobile apps in our next section. Read more: 15 Reasons Why Your Business Needs a Mobile App

Tools you can use to develop mobile apps

There are numerous tools that you can use to develop a mobile application to run on different platforms. Let’s get started with the list below:

  1. PhoneGap – This technology helps to develop mobile apps which could be run on all platforms. The apps developed using this technology are known as hybrid apps. As we have already discussed in the article, hybrid apps are neither native nor web-based. This tool uses CSS3, HTML5, and JavaScript.
  2. Appcelerator – This framework uses HTML, PHP, and JavaScript. The mobile apps created using this framework are native. It could be used to develop apps for iOS, Android, and Windows UWP.
  3. MoSync – This is an open-source app developer. It uses JavaScript, PHP, Ruby, and Python. It helps to develop apps for multiple platforms using C and C++ languages.
  4. RhoMobile – This technology uses CSS3, HTML5, JavaScript, and Ruby to develop cross platform apps. Also, this can be used by native consumers and enterprises.
  5. WidgetPad – This is one of the best platforms for cross platform app building. It also lets you use the options like editing, source code, versioning, and distribution.

Hope you have got an answer to your question, “What technology is used to develop mobile apps?’’ These are some of the tools you can use to develop mobile apps. Different languages allow you to use them across different platforms like iOS, Android, and Windows. It is advised for you to decide the requirements of your application. So, you end up choosing the best technology for developing mobile apps.

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